Bantenese Batik

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Bantenese Batik Costume In Indonesia

The Bantenese, also known as Sundanese Banten, is a Sundanese subgroup native to Banten Province on the Indonesian island of Java. The Banten province region roughly correlates to the old Banten Sultanate, a Nation-state before Indonesia. On page 35 of his book, "The Sultanate of Banten," Guillot Claude says, "These estates, held by Bantenese of Chinese heritage, were centered around the settlement of Kelapadua." The majority of Bantenese are Sunni Muslims.

Bantenese Batik Textiles

The patterns and motifs of each Banten batik costume illuminate decorative design that the Banten government has examined as part of the framework of recovering ornamental themes from old Bantenese dwellings for years. These colorful patterns were created due to excavations conducted by the National Archaeology and the Faculty of Literature at Universitas Indonesia in 1976. The Banten governor then decided on the ornamental batik motif designs in 2003.

Bantenese batik has undergone a protracted procedure since its patenting in 2003 until it was accepted internationally. The Bantenese batik attire was patented following investigations in Malaysia and Singapore, followed by 62 nations. Bantenese Indonesian traditional batik was the first batik to be granted patent rights by UNESCO.

Unlike other batiks in Indonesia or worldwide, Bantenese batik art has a distinct personality and originality. Many of its themes are inspired by historical objects. Grayish hues can be seen in all the Indonesian designs, which represent the Banten population. Every piece of batik has a metaphysical purpose.

The names of Bantenese batik designs are derived from the toponyms of historical village names, the titles of lords or sultans, and the name of Banten's courthouse. Even the designs are associated with long historical stories that include profound ideologies, and the motifs in each traditional dress or batik shirt have intellectual significance for the users of Bantenese batik materials and apparel.

A Brief History of Banten Batik Costume

The finding of ceramic fragments from the 17th-century monarchy in the Banten Girang and Banten Lama districts led to the birth of this batik art. The pottery containing 75 designs is then transferred to a textile. This fabric is known as the traditional Indonesian Banten Batik.

The characteristic Banten batik themes are derived chiefly from archaeological artifacts and buildings discovered during Sultan Maulana Hassanudin's reign. Sultan Maulana Hassanudin is regarded as an innovative and foresighted leader.

There are a lot of face-to-face interactions between locals and people from Europe and Asia because of Banten's strategic location. This affects the culture and diversity of life in Banten, one of which is art.

These ornamental themes, however, cannot be separated from Islamic signs that restrict the representation of genuine live creature motifs; thus, they are substituted with abstract designs based on the Banten people's traits.

Initially, the results were exclusively applied to structures. However, this theme was also used on blankets known as Brooven Rim Rood or Blanket Van Bantam in the Netherlands.

The Uniqueness of Bantenese Batik

Given the variety of batik from Banten derived from local wisdom, each theme is bound to be distinct. Almost all known articles are associated with old artifacts from the Sultanate of Banten. People who studied the Terwengkal Artifact, a piece of history found in 1976, used it to figure out the basic Bantense batik patterns.

The color of the batik art is another feature that distinguishes it. Banten batik in Indonesia is often light gray in tone. This hue represents the Banten people, who are strong-willed, have many ideas and aspirations, are temperamental, and straightforward.

The name of the typical Indonesian Banten batik is derived from:

  1. The title of nobility
  2. The name of the sultan or prince
  3. The space in the Banten Sultanate
  4. The name of a hamlet in the Banten area

Characteristics of Bantenese Batik

Similar to other types of regional batik, batik from Banten also has several characteristics, including:

  • Bright but not flashy colors (soft)
  • Large motifs
  • Thick stripe
  • Rough Isen
  • Stamp method using
  • Repetition patterns
  • Related to the Sultanate of Banten patterns

Get to Know Bantenese Batik

Banten Batik is one of the batiks with significant philosophical meanings in each of its designs. Almost all of these themes are connected to Banten's history, but they also borrow from scientific language regarding a place's name, how it is used, and its type.

The typical Banten batik is more than a patterned textile; it is also a historical reconstruction depicting Banten's culture and history.

The finding of ceramic fragments from the 17th-century monarchy in the Banten Girang and Banten Lama districts led to the emergence of this batik. The pottery containing 75 designs is then transferred to a textile. This fabric is known as the traditional Banten Batik.

 

The Development of Distinctive Bantenese Batik Styles

The characteristic Banten batik themes are derived chiefly from archaeological artifacts and buildings discovered during Sultan Maulana Hassanudin's reign. Sultan Maulana Hassanudin is regarded as an innovative and foresighted leader.

There are a lot of face-to-face interactions between locals and people from Europe and Asia because of Batten's strategic location. This affects the culture and diversity of life in Banten, one of which is art.

These ornamental themes, however, cannot be separated from Islamic signs that restrict the representation of genuine live creature motifs; thus, they are substituted with abstract designs based on the Banten people's traits.

Initially, the results were exclusively applied to structures. Brooven Rim Rood, Blanket Van Bantam, and other blankets with this theme have been around for a long time.

When the Sultanate of Banten fell, the batik tradition died out, and the batik blanket was still around to keep people warm.

Given the variety of batik from Banten derived from local wisdom, each theme is bound to be distinct. Almost all known articles are associated with old artifacts from the Sultanate of Banten. People who studied the Terwengkal Artifact, a piece of history found in 1976, used it to figure out the basic Bantense batik patterns.

The color of the batik is another feature that distinguishes it. Banten batik is often light gray in tone. This hue represents the Banten people, who are strong-willed, have many ideas and aspirations, are temperamental, and straightforward.

The name of the typical Banten batik is derived from the title of nobility, the name of the sultan or prince, the space in the Banten Sultanate, and the name of a hamlet in the Banten area.

Bantenese Batik Motifs

Archaeologists have discovered 75 Bantenese decorations, but only 17 have been used on Bantenese batik cloth, and 12 hold patents. In general, rhombus and tumpal forms predominate in these designs.

The variety and richness of various varieties of batik are inextricably linked to the efforts of the local administration to conserve Bantenese culture. The significant public interest in using batik also spurs the craftsmen's innovation.

 

Datulaya Bantenese Batik Motif

This motif won the best title and received a signature from the Minister of Home Affairs of Malaysia at a congress attended by archaeologists in 2005. Its distinctive feature is a rhombus with flowers and circles inside the leaf tendrils.

 

Pamaranggen Bantenese Batik Motif

Pamaranggen is rhombus-shaped with flower decoration in the middle resembling butterfly wings.

 

Srimanganti Bantenese Batik Motif

This motif is in the form of a double jagged tumpal with a semi-circular ceplok in one circle.

 

Pasepen Bantenese Batik Motif

The basic pattern of Pasepen is booh tumpal, a plain circle with four parallel lines and a rectangular flower shape.

 

Pasulaman Bantenese Batik Motif

Pasulaman has a fundamental motif of a rhombus or a rectangle in a circle.

 

Kapurban Bantenese Batik Motif

Kapurban is a diamond decorated with flowers, various motifs in spiral-shaped frames, and triangular flower-shaped.

 

Kwangsan Bantenese Batik Motif

Kawangsan motifs are jagged flowers with variations in leaf patterns, circles, or fruit shapes.

 

Pancaniti

A diamond-shaped pancaniti with flowers and a plain circle in the sunflower's center.

 

Sebakingking Bantenese Batik Motif

The primary motif of Sebakiking is a blunt rectangle with hairy sides of three colors.

 

Surosowan Bantenese Batik Motif

Surosowan has a basic pattern of blunt serrations decorated with flowers with variations of the rhombus, flowers, or plain circles.

Bantenese People

The Bantenese are an Indonesian ethnic group that inhabits the westernmost section of Java Island. Most Banten live in the Serang district in the northern part of the province.

 

Bantenese Livelihoods

Almost a quarter of Bantenese are employed in the manufacturing industry, which is prevalent in the northern section of the province. Tangerang manufactures shoes, textiles, and ceramics.

There is brick production and a YKK zipper facility in Serang. Anyer manufactures steel and polymers. Many other Bantenese work in agriculture. Rice, coffee, cloves, bananas, and durian, a soft, "stinky" fruit with a thick, prickly shell, are all grown here. Other Banten residents work in retail or the tourism business. Kaibon Palace, Old Banten City, and the Great Banten Mosque completed in 1566, are among the area's tourist attractions. Unfortunately, these job prospects are insufficient to support the Bantenese. Many people have little or no income.

There is a lot of poverty here.

Bantenese History

The Bantenese can trace their ancestors to Muslim soldiers from Cirebon, Java, who utilized mystical powers to remain invulnerable and create the Banten Sultanate in 1526.

Their descendants are thought to be immune to attack even now.

 

Bantenese Origins

The roots of the Bantenese people, who are closely tied to the Banten Sultanate, vary from those of the Cirebonese people, who are neither Sundanese nor Javanese (unless it is from the result of a mixture of two primary cultures, namely Sundanese and Javanese). The Bantenese and the Baduy (Kanekes) are a subdivision of the Sundanese people of the ancient Banten Sultanate (region of Bantam Residency after the abolishment and annexation by the Dutch East Indies). Only after the foundation of the Banten Province did people begin to recognize the Bantenese as a distinct group of people with their own culture and language.

 

Bantenese Religion

The Bantenese are deeply committed to Islam. They are particularly proud of the several new Muslim schools that have just been erected.

This situation is intimately intertwined with the history of the Banten Sultanate, one of the greatest Islamic kingdoms on the Indonesian island of Java. In addition, the craftsmanship in the Banten area depicts Islamic activities in its community, such as Rampak Bedug from Pandeglang Regency.

Nonetheless, Banten Province is a multi-ethnic community with diverse ethnicities and faiths. They live together peacefully in this area, like the Benteng Chinese community in Tangerang and the Baduy people who follow Sunda Wiwitan in Kanekes, Leuwidamar, and Lebak Regency.

Bantenese Language

The most common language is Cantonese, a dialect or variety of Sundanese unique to Banten. In modern Sundanese, the dialect is informally known as "basa wewengkon," or "non-standardized language," but it is still firmly tied to the Old Sundanese language.

The Sundanese Language in the West Java region has a distinct layer due to the influence of Javanese culture during the reign of the Sultanate of Mataram kingdom. The Sundanese language has different layers, from the most formal, or "halus/lemes'' version, to the day "Loma/lancaran" version and the informal or harsh version.

The Mataram Sultanate attempted to seize control of Java island, including Banten territory encompassing the whole West Java region. Still, the Sultanate of Banten could defend its territory, save for the Parahyangan area. The Loma variety of Sundanese is the most common in the highland regions and across much of modern-day Banten. People from Parahyangan, on the other hand, regard this version as "harsh. The Bantenese language is widely spoken, particularly in Banten's southern regions like Pandeglang and Lebak.

However, near Serang and Cilegon in Banten Province, 500,000 people speak Banyumasan, a dialect of the Javanese language. Betawi immigrants also speak Indonesian with a Betawi dialect in the northern section of Tangerang. Aside from the Sundanese, Javanese, and Betawi dialects, Indonesian is widely spoken by ethnic immigrants from other regions of Indonesia, particularly in metropolitan areas.

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