Blackstyle Batik Costume


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Blackstyle Batik

"Black-style Batik" or "Irengan batik" is batik with a black background.  It’s produced in East Java and has become popular because of its otherworldly beauty. Some people even believe that the cloth has magical healing qualities.

Introduction to Blackstyle Batik

Batik is both an art and a craft that is gaining popularity and recognition in the West as a marvelously inventive medium. This method of embellishing fabric with wax and dye has been practiced for ages. Batik is an old practice in Java, Indonesia, and some of the best batik material in the world is still manufactured there. The name batik comes from the Javanese word tik, which means "to dot."

To create a batik, specific sections of the material are blocked out by brushing or dragging hot wax over them, and then the cloth is coloured. The wax-coated pieces resist coloring and retain their original color. This waxing and dying procedure may be repeated to produce more complicated and colorful motifs. The wax is removed after the final coloring, and the fabric is ready to wear or display.

Contemporary batik, while influenced by the past, is distinct from more traditional and formal styles. For instance, the artist may employ etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, various waxing and dyeing equipment, wax recipes with varying resist values, and work with silk, cotton, wool, leather, paper, or even wood and ceramics.

Historically, batik has been the most expressive and delicate of the resist processes. The ever-expanding spectrum of methods available allows the artist to explore a unique approach in a flexible and fascinating manner.

Other Types of East Javanese Batik

Explore the museum's collection of batik fabrics from Java, the most populated island in Indonesia's archipelago. Though it is now performed all around the world, batik originated in Indonesia, and Java artists are recognized for having developed and polished the technique. This exhibition features textiles manufactured for royal and aristocratic clients, ceremonial usage, and ordinary clothes worn by men and women.

These textiles date from the mid-nineteenth century to the late twentieth century and come from the most important areas of Javanese batik production, which include the former royal courts of Yogyakarta and Surakarta in central Java, as well as Pekalongan on the island's north coast. The museum's collection includes everything from the first batik material purchased in 1922 to a selection purchased in 2018.

The Natural and Traditional Beauty of East Java

The Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park is the main attraction in East Java and accounts for a large percentage of overseas tourists who visit the region. The national park is named after its two mountains, Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo. The Tengger people inhabit this area. Mount Semeru, also known as Mahameru, is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes.

Malang is a city of great historical significance. It was a seat of major power in Java's Hindu past and the Dutch took a great liking to its relatively cool, fresh climate in the colonial period. Modern day Malang, although significantly urbanized, has retained much of its historical character and a few days looking around this lovely city and visiting nearby places of interest, will be time well spent. In the city center a great first stop is Ijen Boulevard.

This is a quite beautiful street lined with tropical trees against a backdrop of old colonial structures. The street houses a number of interesting buildings including the Brawijaya Army Museum, Immanual Catholic Church and the city library. Nearby Jalan Tugu is home of the city hall, the Tugu Monument, Aloon-Aloon Bunder Park and the Tugu Hotel. The latter houses a magnificent collection of Javanese antiques and serves lunch or tea.

About 30 km south of Malang there are three lovely beaches close together: Balekambang, Ngliyep and Sendangbiru. It is best to visit on weekdays as this is a very popular weekend escape and it can get get crowded. It is not safe to swim here but these are great relaxation beaches which offer some stunning coastal scenery.

There is an offshore island called Pulau Simpu which can be visited by chartering a boat from Sedangbiru beach. At Balekambang beach there are three little islets just offshore which are attached to the beach by walkways. Of the three beaches, Balekambang itself is the most attractive. The beaches are easily day-tripped from Malang in a car.

The Culture of East Java

East Java is an Indonesian province. Its single land boundary is with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern shores, respectively, while the short Bali Strait divides Java from Bali to the east. It is located in eastern Java and includes the island of Madura, as well as the Kangean islands and other smaller island groups to the east and the Masalembu archipelagos to the north.

Its capital is Surabaya, Indonesia's second-biggest city, a significant industrial hub, and a major business center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East Java on the island of Java. East Java has a land area of 47,800 km2 and a population of 37,476,757 people, making it Indonesia's second-most populated province according to the 2010 Census; the 2020 Census indicated an increase to 40,665,696 people.

East Java is home to numerous distinct ethnic groups, including Javanese, Madurese, and Chinese. The majority of people in East Java are Muslim, which means that about 94% of the people there are Muslim.

Popular Foods of East Java

The food of East Java is similar to that of Central Java. East Java foods tend to be less sweet and spicier compared to the Central Java ones. Fish and seafood products are quite extensive, and shrimp paste is very popular. Some East Javanese specialities include:

  • Rujak cingur, a salad with spicy sauce and cingur (slices of cooked cow nose).
  • Sate kelopo, satay with coconut rasp.
  • Bakwan Malang, Meatball soup with won tons and noodles

The Languages of East Java

In addition to the official language, Indonesians in East Java speak Javanese and Madurese on a daily basis. The dialect of Javanese spoken in the western section of East Java (Kulonan) is identical to that of Central Java, with its hierarchy of high, middle, and low registers. In the east, in places such as Surabaya and Malang, a more egalitarian variant of Javanese is spoken, with less concern for authority and a larger vocabulary for vulgarity.

The Osing and Tengger minorities also speak Javanese dialects, with the former speaking a Balinese-influenced Javanese due to its proximity to Bali island, and the latter speaking an old version of the language that maintains many elements now lost in other more-innovative Javanese dialects.

Other than Javanese, a minority language is Madurese, which is spoken by around 4 million ethnic Madurese people who live in Madura, the Kangean and Masalembu Islands. Despite being directly next door to the Javanese, the language is genetically closer to Balinese, Malay, and Sundanese.

Art and culture of East Java

East Java is home to a variety of interesting works of art. Ludruk is a well-known East Javanese art form, particularly the art of the stage, in which all of the actors are men. Unlike Ketoprak, which depicts the life of the palace, ludruk depicts the daily lives of ordinary people, frequently with comedy and social critique, and is usually preceded by Dance Remo and Parikan. Traditional ludruk groups may still be found in Surabaya, Mojokerto, and Jombang, but their existence is being eroded by urbanization.

Reog from Ponorogo is a traditional art form that has been copyrighted since 2001 and has now become an emblem of East Javanese art. Staging reog with horse braid (kuda lumping) is accompanied by occult aspects. [48] East Java's well-known arts include puppet purwa East Javanese style, mask mastermind in Madura, and creating. Middle Javanese arts such as Ketoprak and shadow puppets are prevalent in the Mataraman region. East Java legends include Damarwulan, Angling Darma, and Sarip Tambak-Oso.

Gandrung Dance in East Java

Traditional dance in East Java is divided into four styles: Middle Javanese, East Javanese, Osing, and Madurese. Classical dances include gandrung, gambyong dance, srimpi dance, bondan dance, and wanderer.East Java also has a kind of lion dance tradition. Art may be found in two districts: Bondowoso and Jember. Singo Wulung is a unique Bondowoso culture. Jember, on the other hand, has the tiger kadhuk. Both are works of art that are rarely seen.

Religion and Lifestyle of East Java

Because the culture and habits of Javanese in the western portion of East Java were heavily influenced by Middle Javanese, this area is known as Mataraman, signifying that it was previously the domain of the Sultanate of Mataram. The region contains the former Madiun residency (Madiun, Ngawi, Magetan, Ponorogo, Pacitan), the old Kediri residency (Kediri, Tulungagung, Blitar, Trenggalek, Nganjuk), and a portion of Bojonegoro. Wayang kulit and Ketoprak are popular in this region, as they are throughout Central Java.

Islamic culture has had a strong effect on the west coast of East Java. This region includes Tuban, Lamongan, and Gresik. In the past, the north shore of East Java was the entrance point and the hub of Islamic growth. This is where five of the walisongo's nine members are buried.

Mataraman culture had little cultural influence in the area of ex-residency Surabaya (including Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, and Jombang), and ex-residency Malang, because this region is an area of arek the term for offspring of Kenarok, especially in the area of Malang, making this area difficult to be affected by Mataraman culture.

Given the size of the Madura tribal presence in the region, customs in the horse hoof region are significantly affected by Madura culture. The culture's social mores are a mash-up of Java, Madura, and Bali. The Tenggerese tribe, on the other hand, is significantly impacted by Hindu culture.

East Java and Central Java villagers have relationships that are both friendly and territorial. Various rituals were conducted, including tingkepan ceremony at seven months' gestation for the first child), babaran ceremony before the baby's birth, sepasaran ceremony at five days, pitonan ceremony at seven months, circumcision, and fiancé.

Tourism in East Java

East Java is home to a lot of fascinating attractions. One of the tourist attractions is Mount Bromo in East Java, which is home to the Tengger tribe and hosts the Kasada festival every year. There is also a waterfall in Tengger's hilly region called Madakaripura, which was the last hermitage of Mahapatih Gajah Mada before serving in Majapahit's empire. Madakaripura Waterfall is around 200 meters high, making it the tallest waterfall in Java and the second highest in Indonesia. East Java also contains a hilly tourist region known as Malang Raya, which encompasses Malang and Batu. Tretes and Trawas highland regions, such as the Puncak area in West Java province, are also known to have features. Four of East Java's 12 national parks are in the area, as well as Prigen's Taman Safari Indonesia II.

East Java also has historical remnants from the classical era. Trowulan sites include hundreds of temples and graves of Majapahit rulers in Mojokerto, which was formerly the heart of the Majapahit Kingdom. Other temples may be found across East Java, notably the Penataran temple near Blitar.  Astini Sumenep is the heart of the Madura monarchy, including Kraton Sumenep, museums, and the graves of the Madura ruler Asta Tinggi Sumenep.

Beaches in East Java

Prigi Beach, Pelang Beach, and Pasir Putih Beach in Trenggalek, Popoh Beach in Tulungagung, Ngliyep Beach, and tourist destinations such as the Jatim Park, Museum Angkut, Batu Secret Zoo, Batu Night Spectacular, Eco Green Park in Batu, and Watu Ulo Beach in Jember are all located on the south coast.

East Java also features a beach with some of the finest waves in the world: Plengkung Beach near Banyuwangi. There's also Kenjeran Beach in Surabaya and the White Sand Beach near Situbondo. People in East Java have lakes like Sarangan in Magetan, Ir. Sutami Dam in Malang, and Selorejo Dam in Blitar, as well as many other places. There are a number of saints' graves along the northern shore that are locations of pilgrimage for Muslims.

Sunan Ampel in Surabaya, Sunan Giri and Maulana Malik Ibrahim in Gresik, Sunan Drajat in Paciran Lamongan, and Sunan Bonang in Tuban are five of the nine walisongo buried in East Java. There are several caves in the northern coastal region, including Maharani Cave in Lamongan, Tuban Akbar Cave, and Cave Gong in Pacitan.

Other pilgrimage destinations include the burial of Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, in Blitar, and the mausoleum of the fourth Indonesian president, Abdurrahman Wahid, also known as Gus Dur, in Jombang. The Malang

Metropolitan Region is a leading tourist destination in Indonesia, with the City of Batu as its center. Malang has various tourist areas, including volcanoes to beaches, as well as man-made tours of the history of travel to an international-class theme park with the support of inter-provincial transportation via trains, buses, and airplanes.

Tugu Pahlawan, the Museum MPU Tantular, the Zoo in Surabaya, the Submarine Monument, the Ampel Region and Downtown Tunjungan are some of the places in Surabaya that are important to East Java's politics, entertainment, business, and economy.

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