Batik Blackstyle Costume
"Black-style Batik" or "Irengan batik" is batik clothing with a black background. Blackstyle batik is produced in East Java and has become popular because of its otherworldly beauty. Some people even believe that the blackstyle cloth has magical healing qualities.
Introduction to Blackstyle Batik
Batik clothing is both an art and a craft gaining popularity and recognition in the West as a marvelously inventive medium. Embellishing fabric with wax and dye has been practiced for ages. Batik is an old practice in Java, Indonesia, and some of the best batik material in the world is still manufactured there. The name batik comes from the Javanese word tik, which means "to dot."
To create a black style batik shirt, specific sections of the material are blocked out by brushing or dragging hot wax over them, and then the cloth is colored. The wax-coated pieces resist coloring and retain their original color. This waxing and dying procedure may be repeated to produce more complicated and colorful motifs of the costume. The wax is removed after the final coloring, and the fabric is ready to wear, display, or sew a blackstyle classic T-shirt.
Contemporary batik, while influenced by the past, is distinct from traditional and formal styles. For instance, the artist may employ etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, various waxing and dyeing equipment, wax recipes with varying resist values, and work with silk, cotton, wool, leather, paper, or even wood and ceramics.
Historically, blackstyle batik has been the most expressive and delicate of the resist processes. The ever-expanding spectrum of methods allows the artist to flexibly and fascinatingly explore a unique approach.
Other Types of East Javanese Batik
Explore the museum's collection of batik fabrics from Java, the most populated island in Indonesia's archipelago. Though it is now performed worldwide, batik clothing originated in Indonesia, and Java artists are recognized for having developed and polished the technique. This exhibition features textiles manufactured for royal and aristocratic clients, ceremonial usage, and ordinary clothes worn by men and women.
These textiles date from the mid-nineteenth century to the late twentieth century and come from the most critical areas of Javanese batik production, which include the former royal courts of Yogyakarta and Surakarta in central Java, as well as Pekalongan on the island's north coast. The museum's collection includes everything from the first batik material purchased in 1922 to a selection purchased in 2018.
The Natural and Traditional Beauty of East Java
The Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park is the main attraction in East Java and accounts for many overseas tourists visiting the region. The national park is named after its two mountains, Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo. The Tengger people inhabit this area. Mount Semeru, also known as Mahameru, is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes.
Malang is a city of great historical significance. It was a seat of significant power in Java's Hindu past, and the Dutch greatly liked its relatively cool, fresh climate in the colonial period. Modern-day Malang, although significantly urbanized, has retained much of its historical character; a few days of looking around this lovely city and visiting nearby places of interest will be well spent. In the city center, a great first stop is Ijen Boulevard.
This beautiful street is lined with tropical trees against a backdrop of old colonial structures. The road houses several interesting buildings, including the Brawijaya Army Museum, Emmanuel Catholic Church, and the city library. Nearby, Jalan Tugu is home to the city hall, the Tugu Monument, Aloon-Aloon Bunder Park, and the Tugu Hotel. The latter houses a magnificent collection of Javanese antiques and serves lunch or tea.
About 30 km south of Malang, there are three lovely beaches close together: Balekambang, Ngliyep, and Sendangbiru. It is best to visit on weekdays as this is a weekend escape, and it can be crowded. Swimming here is unsafe, but these great relaxation beaches offer stunning coastal scenery.
An offshore island called Pulau Simpu can be visited by chartering a boat from Sedangbiru Beach. At Balekambang Beach, three little islets are just offshore, attached to the beach by walkways. Of the three beaches, Balekambang itself is the most attractive. The beaches are easily day-tripped from Malang in a car.
The Culture of East Java
East Java is an Indonesian province. Its single land boundary is with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern shores, respectively, while the short Bali Strait divides Java from Bali to the east. It is located in eastern Java and includes the island of Madura, the Kangean islands, and other smaller island groups to the east and the Masalembu archipelagos to the north.
Its capital is Surabaya, Indonesia's second-biggest city, a significant industrial hub, and a major business center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East Java on the island of Java. East Java has a land area of 47,800 km2 and a population of 37,476,757 people, making it Indonesia's second-most populated province according to the 2010 Census; the 2020 Census indicated an increase to 40,665,696 people.
East Java has numerous distinct ethnic groups, including Javanese, Madurese, and Chinese. Most people in East Java are Muslim, meaning about 94% of the people there are Muslim.
Popular Foods of East Java
The food of East Java is similar to that of Central Java. East Java foods tend to be less sweet and spicier compared to the Central Java ones. Fish and seafood products are quite extensive, and shrimp paste is very popular. Some East Javanese specialties include:
- Rujak cingur, a salad with spicy sauce and cingur (slices of cooked cow nose).
- Sate kelopo, satay with coconut rasp.
- Bakwan Malang, Meatball soup with won tons and noodles
The Languages of East Java
In addition to the official language, Indonesians in East Java speak Javanese and Madurese daily. The dialect of Javanese spoken in the western section of East Java (Kulonan) is identical to that of Central Java, with its hierarchy of high, middle, and low registers. In the east, in places such as Surabaya and Malang, a more egalitarian variant of Javanese is spoken, with less concern for authority and a more extensive vocabulary for vulgarity.
The Osing and Tengger minorities also speak Javanese dialects, with the former speaking a Balinese-influenced Javanese due to its proximity to Bali island, and the latter speaking an old version of the language that maintains many elements now lost in other more innovative Javanese dialects.
Other than Javanese, a minority language is Madurese, which is spoken by around 4 million ethnic Madurese people who live in Madura, the Kangean, and Masalembu Islands. Despite being directly next door to the Javanese, the language is genetically closer to Balinese, Malay, and Sundanese.
Art and Culture of East Java
East Java is home to a variety of exciting works of art. Ludruk is a well-known East Javanese art form, particularly the art of the stage, in which all of the actors are men. Unlike Ketoprak, which depicts the life of the palace, ludruk depicts the daily lives of ordinary people, frequently with comedy and social critique, and is usually preceded by Dance Remo and Parikan. Traditional ludruk groups may still be found in Surabaya, Mojokerto, and Jombang, but their existence is being eroded by urbanization.
Reog from Ponorogo is a traditional art form that has been copyrighted since 2001 and has become an emblem of East Javanese art. Staging reog with horse braid (kuda lumping) is accompanied by occult aspects.  East Java's well-known skills include puppet purwa in the East Javanese style, mask mastermind in Madura, and creating. Middle Javanese arts, such as Ketoprak and shadow puppets, are prevalent in the Mataraman region. East Java legends include:
- Angling Darma
- Sarip Tambak-Oso
Gandrung Dance in East Java
Traditional dance in East Java is divided into four styles: Middle Javanese, East Javanese, Osing, and Madurese. Classical dances include gendering, gambling dance, simple dance, bondman dance, and wandering. East Java also has a lion dance tradition. Art may be found in two districts: Bondowoso and Jember. Singo Wulung is a unique Bondowoso culture. Jember, on the other hand, has the tiger Tkachuk. Both are works of art that are rarely seen.
Religion and Lifestyle of East Java
Because the culture and habits of Javanese in the western portion of East Java were heavily influenced by Middle Javanese, this area is known as Mataraman, signifying that it was previously the domain of the Sultanate of Mataram. The region contains the former Madiun residency (Madiun, Ngawi, Magetan, Ponorogo, Pacitan), the old Kediri residency (Kediri, Tulungagung, Blitar, Trenggalek, Nganjuk), and a portion of Bojonegoro. Wayang kulit and Ketoprak are prevalent in this region, as they are throughout Central Java.
Islamic culture has had a substantial effect on the west coast of East Java. This region includes Tuban, Lamongan, and Gresik. In the past, the north shore of East Java was the entrance point and the hub of Islamic growth. This is where five of the walisongo's nine members are buried.
Mataraman culture had little cultural influence in the area of ex-residency Surabaya (including Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, and Jombang) and ex-residency Malang, because this region is an area of arek, the term for offspring of Kenarok, especially in the area of Malang, making this area difficult to be affected by Mataraman culture.
Given the size of the Madura tribal presence in the region, customs in the horse hoof region are significantly affected by Madura culture. The culture's social mores are a mash-up of Java, Madura, and Bali. The Tenggerese tribe, on the other hand, is significantly impacted by Hindu culture.
East Java and Central Java villagers have friendly and territorial relationships. Various rituals were conducted, including:
- Tingkepan ceremony at seven months' gestation for the first child)
- Babaran ceremony before the baby's birth
- Sepasaran ceremony at five days
- Pitonan ceremony at seven months
Tourism in East Java
East Java is home to a lot of fascinating attractions. One of the tourist attractions is Mount Bromo in East Java, which is home to the Tengger tribe and hosts the Kasada festival every year. There is also a waterfall in Tengger's hilly region called Madakaripura, which was the last hermitage of Mahapatih Gajah Mada before serving in Majapahit's empire. Madakaripura Waterfall is around 200 meters high, making it the tallest waterfall in Java and the second highest in Indonesia. East Java also contains a hilly tourist region called Malang Raya, which encompasses Malang and Batu. Tretes and Trawas highland regions, such as the Puncak area in West Java province, are also known to have features. Four of East Java's 12 national parks and Prigen's Taman Safari Indonesia II are in the area.
East Java also has historical remnants from the classical era. Trowulan sites include hundreds of temples and graves of Majapahit rulers in Mojokerto, formerly the heart of the Majapahit Kingdom—other temples across East Java, notably the Penataran temple near Blitar. Astini Sumenep is the heart of the Madura monarchy, including:
- Kraton Sumenep
- The graves of the Madura ruler Asta Tinggi Sumenep
Beaches in East Java
Prigi Beach, Pelang Beach, and Pasir Putih Beach in Trenggalek, Popoh Beach in Tulungagung, Ngliyep Beach, and tourist destinations such as the Jatim Park, Museum Angkut, Batu Secret Zoo, Batu Night Spectacular, Eco Green Park in Batu, and Watu Ulo Beach in Jember are all located on the south coast.
East Java also features a beach with some of the finest waves in the world: Plengkung Beach near Banyuwangi. There's also Kenjeran Beach in Surabaya and White Sand Beach near Situbondo. People in East Java have lakes like Sarangan in Magetan, Ir. Sutami Dam in Malang, Selorejo Dam in Blitar, and many other places. There are several saints' graves along the northern shore that are locations of pilgrimage for Muslims.
Sunan Ampel in Surabaya, Sunan Giri and Maulana Malik Ibrahim in Gresik, Sunan Drajat in Paciran Lamongan, and Sunan Bonang in Tuban are five of the nine walisongo buried in East Java. Several caves in the northern coastal region include Maharani Cave in Lamongan, Tuban Akbar Cave, and Cave Gong in Pacitan.
Other pilgrimage destinations include the burial of Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, in Blitar and the mausoleum of the fourth Indonesian president, Abdurrahman Wahid, also known as Gus Dur, in Jombang. The Malang
Metropolitan Region is a leading tourist destination in Indonesia, with the City of Batu as its center. Malang has various tourist areas, including volcanoes, beaches, and man-made tours of the history of travel to an international-class theme park with the support of inter-provincial transportation via trains, buses, and airplanes.
Tugu Pahlawan, the Museum MPU Tantular, the Zoo in Surabaya, the Submarine Monument, the Ampel Region, and Downtown Tunjungan are some of the places in Surabaya that are important to East Java's politics, entertainment, business, and economy.