Coastal Costume: The Unique Batik Beach Costume
This study investigates the evolution of the history of coastal communities in Indonesia and suggests fascinating issues for further research. This is a paradoxical position in which Indonesia, as a substantial maritime nation, has many coastal villages inhabited by tens of millions of people, most of whom are fishing communities and sea tribes. However, there is still a need for more historiography regarding coastal villages. Until now, the historiography of Indonesia's maritime has been dominated by sailing, commerce, and port activity.
The paucity of the history of coastal villages is discovered via bibliographical study due to restricted written materials and the absence of a writing tradition among these groups. However, as historical techniques have advanced, historical sources are completely dependent on written sources, and research on the historiography of coastal communities has begun to be conducted.
Introduce Coastal Batik Costumes (Beach Costume)
There is a richness of handmade beach costume art along the shore of the island of Java, which is distinguished by the expression of ornamental patterns and methods. Generally, the dominance of primary and secondary colors in beach costumes is the most noticeable feature. The aesthetic character of coastal batik fashion is also courageous in displaying a party of bold colors, which supplies the unique look of the costumes. Cirebon is a renowned seaside batik city in West Java. Ciwaringin Village, for example, has become a hub for batik crafts.
This village's batik bears the features of Cirebon, which was born and evolved by Trusmi batik. Compared to Trusmi batik, Ciwaringin batik is distinct in coloration and ornamental themes in the costume. Natural dyes make traditional Ciwaringin coloring, a batik technique that has long flourished in the Cirebon Pesisir batik culture.
This study reveals the aesthetics and significance of ornamentation in Batik Ciwaringin using descriptive-qualitative methodologies with aesthetic and semiotic approaches. One of the most noteworthy conclusions in this study is that there is no representation of live motives in Ciwaringin batik costumes, distinguishing it from batik motifs in general since Ciwaringin batik was born in an Islamic boarding school community with solid Islamic principles.
Another discovery is that Ciwaringin batik artisans use nature not only as a source of philosophical concepts but also as a concern for beach environmental concerns. Concern for the environment is demonstrated by developing coloring processes that use natural dyes rather than manufactured colors in costume making processes.
What is Batik Costumes?
Batik is a prominent form of art and craft worldwide, which is easy to buy from several sources, local markets, eCommerce platforms like Amazon, or shop online. It was developed in Indonesia and employs wax-resist dyes on fabric. Batik is usually done on fabric to make a vibrant shirt or dress or even a Halloween costume, but it can also be done on paper, wood, and pottery to make home decor items and add to your home, like the living room, bedroom, kitchen, etc.
Patterns composed of dots are put on the cloth, which is subsequently colored using a spouted instrument called a canting or a stamp called a cap. There are several styles of batik costumes depending on the country. Based on the list of top popular batik styles in the world below, we hope you will get your favorites costume idea:
- Javanese Batik: The earliest known form of batik costume is from Indonesia's Java island. Specific designs are designed for royalty and special events like weddings or birthday parties.
- Sudanese Batik: There are many vibrant colors used in Sudanese batik costumes; indigo is prevalent.
- Sumatran Batik: The cloth used in this style of batik is steeped in clay for more than a day and is generally adorned with animals and flora.
- Balinese Batik: This is one of the most recent types of batik, and it is acceptable to wear it casually. It’s ideal for making a beach outfit in Balinese batik style, like beach dresses, shorts, etc.
- Malaysia Batik: The designs on this batik costume are usually simple and rarely become complex.
- Indian Batik: Traditionally, Indian batik was only used to make costumes. It has recently been used for other things, like decorations and murals.
- Sri Lanka Batik: Over the last century, batik has grown in popularity in Sri Lanka and is now an important element of the country's tourism sector.
- Chinese Batik: This is very old and often uses symbols in its designs, like the dragon and phoenix. It's very traditional, often shows important animals like these, and is only suitable for a traditional party.
- African Batik: Instead of wax, mud or starch is typically used to make the batik designs.
Indonesian Batik Designs to Wear
Generally, batik costume design falls into two categories:
- Geometric motifs: which tend to be older mood
- Free-form designs: based on stylized patterns of natural forms or imitations of woven textures
Nik is the most well-known example of this phenomenon.
Specific designs are known to predominate in certain places. Traditional motifs and colors inspire Central Javanese designs. A lot of Chinese culture has affected batik costumes on the north shore of Java. The brighter colors and more detailed flower and cloud motifs have come from this area, near Pekalongan and Cirebon.
What’s the History of Batik?
Batik is a centuries-old tradition that has been practiced for thousands of years. It is found all over the planet. Batik was used to wrap mummies and adorn tombs in Egypt. It has been practiced in China and Japan since AD 600.
While it has been found worldwide, batik is usually linked with Java, Indonesia. It has evolved into a mature art form, and the best batik in the world is still produced in Java.
The batik method was prevalent in ancient Asia and only recently migrated to Europe in the nineteenth century. That's a long time to have to wait for such lovely clothing!
What Materials Are Required to Manufacture a Batik Shirt or Dress?
There are a few primary ingredients used in the production of batik. Here's an easy step-by-step tutorial on how to make batik and what materials are used:
- The material is cleansed and moistened before being hammered with a mallet.
- Patterns are made on the fabric using a pencil and then redrawn with wax.
- The material is dipped and immersed in dye up to four times.
- The dried wax is scraped away, leaving a pattern where the dye cannot reach the material.
- This top technique might take up to a year for the most expensive and traditional batik.
Ancient Batik Patterns of Coastal Java
A new type of batik was formed on the shores of Java, where the sea route connected Indonesia to the rest of the globe. Coastal batik motifs, in contrast to the austere and rigid patterns of Central Java, are free and uncontrolled in both design and color. Gentle sceneries of nature, including flowers, fish, and animals, depict life on the seaside, with influences from China, the Arabs, and India.
The giant mendung design at Cirebon, on the north shore, is influenced by Chinese imagery. Clouds are rainmakers and are revered as symbols of fertility and life.
Also known as Gangan, vines are a popular motif in coastal batik. They are typically depicted to bring together the qualities represented by numerous symbols. In the above example, vines connect pictures of dragons (prosperity), phoenixes (loyalty), and other creatures, symbolizing power in togetherness.
In coastal batik costume, flowers are usually represented. These blooms might have been influenced by European bouquet ideas (such as the daffodils seen in the artwork above) that the Dutch brought with them during colonization. While the purpose of flowers may be solely ornamental, one may argue that the entire artwork's narrative behind the batik can be deciphered. If the artist does this, it's common for them to add some kind of symbolism to the batik.
Beautiful, colorful butterflies decorate numerous pieces of coastal batik and are generally seen alongside flowers. As with flowers, their significance may be determined by the perception of the artist's work.
Dragons, Elephants, and Lions
Other animal figures embedded in batik, such as dragons, elephants, and lions, bear significant meaning, particularly in Hinduism and Chinese culture. Elephants represent Lord Ganesh, while dragons and lions represent strength and riches.
Coastal batik patterns are one-of-a-kind, lively, and even modern. The artists, frequently described as freewheeling, are unconstrained, employing synthetic pigments to excite their paintings. Colors, in addition to symbolism, can have significance: pastel colors for young ladies and darker tones like black or brown for adults. Red is also frequently associated with good fortune and pleasure.
Classification of Batik in the Southern Coast Area of Java Using Convolutional Neural Network Method
Batik is a high-value aesthetic craft passed down from our archipelago forefathers. Batik offers a variety of motifs. A few people may be aware of this batik knowledge. As a result, only some people are familiar with or recognize batik in Java's southern coastal districts. Convolutional neural networks are deep learning algorithms that identify and detect objects in digital photos. A convolutional neural network is an artificial neural network that operates with data as an array. According to the study's findings, with 630 training data and 180 validation data, the results achieved were 100 percent accuracy for the training process and 99 percent for the testing phase. The model's accuracy was determined by testing it with 90 test data points and yielded results of 93.3 percent. As a result, the built CNN model can correctly classify batik themes.
Coastal and Inland Batik Textile
Coastal batik is a form of batik that is commonly seen around the beach. This type of batik textile usually has many bright colors, making it great for clothes like shirts.
Indonesian inland batik is a fabric that is colored and patterned exclusively on the back of the material. The designs are created using wax or plant dyes and are applied to the cloth before weaving. The designs are sketched on the fabric; then the paints are applied. After that, the wax or dye is removed, showing the structure placed there.
The human activity of producing visual, aural, or performing works representing feelings, ideas, or bodily sensations is an art form. It has been characterized as "the making of lovely things."
Natural dyes have long been used to color clothes. They include anything from plant-based chemicals like indigo and madder to animal products like egg yolk. Natural dyes for textiles are incredibly adaptable, producing a broad spectrum of hues ranging from light pastel tints to deep, rich colors.
Resist dyeing is a natural and eco-friendly method of creating colors, patterns, and effects on fabric. It's also an excellent way to learn the fundamentals of natural dyeing. Wax is dusted onto the material to function as a dye resist. It aids in the creation of vibrant, even coloring. It's one of the simplest natural dyes to create and apply.
Batik art is a wax-resist dying process used on textiles to generate patterned, multi-colored motifs using "tie-dye" procedures. Traditional batik items include handkerchiefs, sarongs (skirts), ikat-woven fabrics, and garment materials.
Indonesian Batik design is a sophisticated and rich heritage that blends repeating patterns, weaving, and dying to create vibrant fabrics. The ikat method used to manufacture the cloth is frequently reflected in the design of the material (i.e., Lengger, Sengka, or Talo). Keris sheaths, tigers, birds, and stylized dragons are popular themes.
Traditional crafts are frequently said to have evolved from the necessity for clothing and shelter. Traditional arts originated in farming, hunting, fishing, and more rudimentary means of creating weapons and equipment.
In Indonesia, batik is still a traditional craft, and most methods are still done by hand. Batik fabric is also a popular gift among Indonesian tourists. Most of Bali's handicrafts are classic works like weaving, dyeing, carving wood or stone, etc.
Jakarta is Indonesia's capital. It is the largest city in the country and the largest urban area in Southeast Asia. People from all around Indonesia and beyond travel to Jakarta for jobs, education, health care, pleasure, and shopping. Every year, a large number of foreigners visit Indonesia and Jakarta. In addition, Jakarta is Indonesia's cultural and artistic epicenter. In Jakarta, several museums, galleries, theaters, cinemas, and other forms of performance exist.