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Parahyangan batik - Jual Batik Parahyangan Indonesia & Malaysia
The cultural and mountainous region of Parahyangan is located in West Java province on the Indonesian island of Java. It is the heartland of the Sundanese people and culture, encompassing little less than one-sixth of Java. It is bounded on the west by Banten province, on the north by the northern coast area of Subang, Cirebon, and Indramayu, on the east by Central Java province (former Banyumas residencies), and on the south by the Indian Ocean.
The Sundanese are a Southeast Asian ethnic group that are indigenous to the western half of Indonesia's island of Java. They number around 40 million people and are Indonesia's second-most numerous ethnic group, behind the Javanese. Sundanese refer to themselves as Urang Sunda in their language, whereas Orang Sunda or Suku Sunda is their Indonesian counterpart. Sundanese and Javanese have very different cultures.
The western third of the island of Java, which includes West Java, Banten, Jakarta, and the western part of Central Java, is called Sunda by Sundanese, while the central and eastern parts of the island are called Jawa by Sundanese.Sundanese have historically been centered in West Java, Banten, Jakarta, and the western half of Central Java. They can also be found in Lampung and South Sumatra as well as in Central and East Java.Sundanese nomads can also be found on a lot of Indonesian islands, like Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali, and Papua, which are all in Indonesia.
Parahyangan Batik Characteristics
Sundanese or Priangan Batik is the name given to batik made in the Priangan district of West Java and Banten. Although Priangan batiks can employ a variety of colors, some of their varieties show a fondness for indigo. Natural indigo dye from Indigofera is one of the earliest known dyes in Java, and its local name, tarum, has given rise to the Citarum river and the Tarumanagara kingdom, implying that ancient West Java was once a significant source of natural indigo. Priangan batik is well-known in Ciamis, Garut, and Tasikmalaya. Other traditions include Batik Kuningan, which was influenced by Batik Cirebon, Batik Banten, which came up on its own, and an older tradition of Batik Baduy.
Batik Banten uses brilliant pastel colors and is a rebirth of a forgotten art from the Sultanate of Banten that was unearthed during archaeological investigation in 2002–2004. Twelve themes have been recognized from locales such as Surosowan and others.
Batik Baduy uses solely indigo in colors ranging from bluish black to deep blue. The Outer Baduy people of Lebak Regency, Banten, wear it as an iket, a sort of Sundanese headdress comparable to the Balinese udeng.
Origins of Parahyangan Batik
Sundanese or Parahyangan Batik is the term for batik from the Parahyangan region of West Java and Banten. Although Parahyangan batiks can use a wide range of colors, a preference for indigo is seen in some of its variants. Natural indigo dye made from Indigofera is among the oldest known dyes in Java, and its local name tarum has lent its name to the Citarum river and the Tarumanagara kingdom, which suggests that ancient West Java was once a major producer of natural indigo. Parahyangan batik is produced in Ciamis, Garut, and Tasikmalaya. Other traditions include Batik Kuningan influenced by batik Cirebon, batik Banten that developed quite independently, and an older tradition of batik Baduy.
Since the ancient past, the region has been home to early humans. Some prehistoric archaeological discoveries of early human settlements have been made at Pawon cave in the Padalarang karst area, west of Bandung, and surrounding the former lake of Bandung.
The Bojongmenje temple remains were found in the Rancaekek region of Bandung Regency, east of Bandung. The temple is thought to date from the early seventh century CE, at the same time—or perhaps earlier—as the Dieng temples of Central Java.
The old Sunda Kingdom included Parahyangan. Sunda Wiwitan beliefs held that the interior mountainous region of Parahyangan was holy. Jayagiri's kabuyutan, or mandala (holy sanctuary), was referenced in ancient Sundanese scriptures and was located somewhere in the Parahyangan highlands, most likely north of modern-day Bandung on the slopes of Mount Tangkuban Perahu.
Following the collapse of the Sunda Kingdom in the 16th century, the nobility and aristocrats of Cianjur, Sumedang, and Ciamis administered Parahyangan. These princes claimed to be the genuine heirs and descendants of Sunda King Siliwangi's bloodline. Although the Banten and Cirebon Sultanates retained dominating authority at the time, the Sundanese aristocracy of the Parahyangan highland had substantial internal freedom and autonomy.
Sultan Agung of Mataram conducted a military assault throughout Java in 1617, vassalizing the Sultanate of Cirebon. Mataram forces seized Ciamis and Sumedang in 1618, gaining control of the majority of the Parahyangan area. The Mataram Sultanate was at odds with the Dutch East India Company, which was based in Batavia. Mataram was increasingly weakened later on as a result of a conflict between Javanese royal successions and Dutch meddling in internal Mataram court problems. Later Mataram rulers made considerable concessions to the VOC in order to secure their positions, including giving up many of the domains initially obtained by Sultan Agung, including the Parahyangan. The Parahyangan has been ruled by the Dutch since the early 18th century.
Colonial Parahyangan History
During the Dutch colonial period, the region was known as De Preanger. Its capital was first located in Tjiandjoer, but was eventually relocated to Bandung, which grew to become a significant settlement. By the nineteenth century, the Dutch had taken control of the majority of Java. Furthermore, with the completion of Daendels' Java Great Post Road, which connected the Preanger plantation region with the port of Batavia and many other sections of Java, the Preanger became available for investment, exploitation, and enterprise.
The Preanger Regencies Residency, established in 1818, became an important and lucrative plantation area during the Dutch East Indies era, producing coffee, tea, quinine, and a variety of cash crops that benefited many wealthy Dutch plantation owners. The Dutch advertised Java coffee all over the world, although it was actually coffee cultivated in Preanger. Bandung developed into an important community and planned city in the early twentieth century. Pre-war Bandung was intended to be the new capital of the Dutch East Indies, but World War II put a stop to that ambition. After Indonesian independence, the romantic historical term for the hilly area of West Java around Bandung became the Parahyangan.
The Sundanese People Who Make Parahyangan Batik
The Sundanese population exceeds thirty million people. The great majority of them live on the Indonesian island of Java. Although Java is a tiny island, it serves as the administrative and economic hub of the Indonesian archipelago. In Java's central and eastern provinces, the larger Javanese ethnic group is the majority. Sundanese are the majority in West Java.
West Java has an area of 16,670 square miles, which is almost half the size of Greater Los Angeles, California. The northern shore is flat, whereas the southern coast is mountainous.
The central region is rugged, with numerous magnificent volcanoes.
Most Sundanese, like other Indonesians, are multilingual. Sundanese is their native language, and Indonesian is the national language. In general, Sundanese is the preferred language among family members and friends, whereas Indonesian is used in public.
Both are Austronesian languages. Sundanese is a very diversified language, with several regional varieties. However, depending on the social position of the person being addressed, all are separated into distinct levels of formality. Thus, when speaking to one's father, one's phrases differ from those used when speaking to a friend or one's younger sister.
The majority of individuals simply utilize two or three tiers. However, some elderly folks utilize all four.
Batik is an old cultural aspect that is popular across Indonesia. Making batik, especially written batik, is more than just a physical activity; it also has a spiritual component that includes prayer, hope, and learning. Batik motifs have symbolic meanings in ancient Javanese society and may have been utilized as a means of communication for ancient Javanese people. Ancient Javanese people found that batik designs could show how people were ranked in society.
Many Indonesian batik motifs are symbolic. Infants are carried in batik slings painted with symbols meant to bring the infant good fortune, and particular batik patterns are designated for brides and grooms, as well as their families. Certain Javanese rites, such as the ceremonial throwing of royal batik into a volcano, rely heavily on batik clothes. The mother-to-be is wrapped in seven layers of batik in the Javanese naloni mitoni ceremonial, which wishes her well. Batik is also used in the tedak siten ritual, which occurs when a youngster for the first time touches the soil. Pattern requirements are frequently reserved for traditional and ceremonial situations.
Sundanese Batik Development
Batik is an old wax-resist dyeing technique for cloth from Java, Indonesia.  Batik art is most developed there, and some of the world's best batiks are still made there. All of the components for the procedure are widely available in Java, including cotton, beeswax, and plants from which various vegetable colors are manufactured. Indonesian batik predates written history, according to G. P. Rouffaer, who believes the technique was imported from India or Sri Lanka in the sixth or seventh centuries. The Dutch archaeologist J.L.A. Brandes and the Indonesian archaeologist F.A. Sutjipto, on the other hand, believe that Indonesian batik is a native tradition because several regions in Indonesia, such as Toraja, Flores, and Halmahera, which were not directly influenced by Hinduism, have attested batik making traditions as well.
The first Batik activities originated in Ponorogo, which was still known as Wengker before the 7th century. The Kingdom of Central Java learned batik from Ponorogo. As a result, Ponorogo batik is comparable to batik found in Central Java, except that the batik made by Ponorogo is often midnight black, also known as batik irengan due to its proximity to magical elements. As a result, the kingdoms of Central Java and Yogyakarta developed it.
Sundanese people have known about Batik since the 12th century, according to the contents of the Sundanese Manuscript. According to the old Sundanese text, Sanghyang Siksa Kandang Karesian, written in 1518 AD, the Sundanese have a batik that is similar and symbolic of Sundanese culture in general. Several motifs are even mentioned in the literature, and the process of Batik Sundanese production begins step-by-step based on those data sources.
The gringsing pattern was already recognized in Kediri, East Java, by the 12th century. He came to the conclusion that this exquisite design could only be formed by employing canting, an etching instrument with a tiny reservoir of hot wax invented in Java at the same time. Carving details of garments worn by East Javanese Prajnaparamita statues from the 13th century reveal elaborate flower designs inside rounded borders, akin to the typical Javanese glamping or ceplok batik motif. A better source is required. The lotus, a holy flower in Hindu-Buddhist traditions, is said to be represented by the design. This evidence implies that sophisticated batik cloth designs were used with canting as early as the 13th century in Java, if not earlier. By the final quarter of the 13th century, Java's batik cloth had been sold to the Karimata islands, Siam, and even Mosul. page requires
Sundanese Batik Spread Throughout the World
The approach was originally documented in Europe in the "History of Java," published in London in 1817 by Stamford Raffles, a British administrator of Bengkulu, Sumatra. The ethnographic museum in Rotterdam received the objects acquired by Dutch businessman Van Rijckevorsel on a trip to Indonesia in 1873. The Tropenmuseum now holds the Netherlands' largest collection of Indonesian batik. In the late colonial era, Dutch and Chinese colonists were interested in producing batik, particularly coastal batik. They pioneered the use of caps (copper block stamps) to mass-produce batiks as well as innovative designs. The Indonesian Batik wowed the public and artists alike when it was displayed at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900.
The use of wax and copper blocks was brought to the east coast of the Malay Peninsula in the 1920s by Javanese batik makers who went there.
Javanese batik was brought to Subsaharan Africa by Dutch and English traders in the nineteenth century. The locals adopted Javanese batik, creating bigger designs with bolder lines and richer colors. Batik was brought to Australia in the 1970s, where aboriginal artisans at Erna Bella developed it as their own technique.
It was first practiced in Africa by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, as well as the Soninke and Wolof tribes in Senegal. Instead of beeswax, this African variation uses cassava starch, rice paste, or mud as a resist.