Bantenese Batik Costume

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Explore the rich tapestry of Bantenese Batik Costume

The Bantenese are native to Banten Province on the Indonesian island of Java. They speak a Sundanese dialect related to Indonesian. The territory of Banten province roughly correlates with the territory of the historical Banten Sultanate, a Banten nation-state that existed before Indonesia. These estates, controlled by the Bantenese of Chinese heritage, were centered around the settlement of Kelapadua. The vast majority of Bantenese are Sunni Muslims.

These people, who are closely tied to the Banten Sultanate, have separate roots from the Cirebonese people, who are not members of the Sundanese people, nor are they part of any other Indonesian ethnic group, such as the Javanese people (unless it is the result of a mixture of two primary cultures, namely Sundanese and Javanese). 

For much of the time that the previous Banten Sultanate existed, the Bantenese and the Baduy people identified themselves as Sundanese. Following the establishment of the Province of Banten, the Bantenese began to define themselves as a distinct group of people with a distinct culture and language from other people.

What Exactly is Bantenese Batik?

Here are some points of view about what batik is:

  1. Batik is the art of decorating fabric using wax as a resist technique to make traditional dress or costume. 
  2. Batik is an ancient form of art that is loosely translated as "to dot," although some have suggested that it is more accurately translated as "wax writing" or "drawing with a broken line." 
  3. Batik is a crafted fabric that must go through the delicate and repeated processes of waxing, dyeing, and boiling to achieve the desired result. In the coloring process, wax creates color separations by blocking off specific colors. Using wax, every section of the cloth that has not been stained with a particular color must be protected.

An Overview of Banten Batik Costume in Indonesia

Indonesia's batik industry already has many players that specialize in a wide range of designs and motifs for years. However, each location has a different pattern and motif on batik than the pattern and motif on Batik Banten, for example.

Banten Batik patterns and motifs illuminate decorative motifs that the Banten Provincial Government has studied to rediscover ornamental motifs on traditional house buildings in Banten. Research is conducted nationally, and even Banten Batik motifs are studied internationally. 

The decorating in the 17th century serves as historical proof for the people of Banten, demonstrating that the ruins of the Banten royal palace and the glories of the past have handed down the aesthetic worth of decorative and ornamental elements to future generations. 

The one-of-a-kind culture connected to antique things is quite architectural in its exquisite ornamentation. 

It has a lengthy history in its own time, similar to a hidden diamond that has recently been discovered and manifested as a beautiful ornament, as proven by its transition into a medium of cotton and silk cloth known as Batik Banten.

In addition to the architectural motifs and patterns of Banten Batik that appear in the decorations mentioned above, the colors of Banten Batik are distinct from the colors of other Indonesian traditional batiks; the colors of Banten Batik tend to be soft gray, depicting the nature and character of the Banten people and their desire to always be present in their surroundings.

Regarding the Banten Batik theme, its name is derived from the toponyms of historical villages, the nobility/sultan title, and the geographic name of Banten's royal palace.

Banten Batik materials and clothes consumers will recognize the pattern as equivalent to historical stories that include philosophy (full of meaning) in their patterns, providing them with an intellectual meaning.

 

History of Bantenese Batik

In the beginning, the project took part in many studies about how to use regional specializations in the design of government buildings and how to make the cultural city of Banten more environmentally friendly, which has worked well before.

The study of historical objects from archaeologists' excavations (excavations) inspires them to achieve the goals of developing a cultured city to fill the contemporary dimension for pre-planning the construction of the Banten Pavilion in TMII and the design of a typical Banten traditional house, as well as to revitalize the arrangement of building materials.

Banten Province has a long and illustrious history.

Because of the reconstruction of archaeological objects that attracted the attention of local officials, the local government, in collaboration with archaeologists, began a six-month study of ornaments in June 2002, which resulted in the identification of 75 motifs that the provincial government confirmed through the Decree of the Governor of Banten.

It is the variety of decorations that originated from the Terwengkal Atefact in the 17th century that has attracted the attention of Terwengkal researchers, who are particularly interested in Banten's geometry, which is the essence of new art, which means Mukarnas, which means harmony, and moving on from there.

A rich vein of prospective archaeological sources in Banten may be found in the decorative diversity tied to the building, representing the intellectual history of Banten's past.

As a departure from the local wisdom that has been buried deep within the ruins of Banten's former center of Islamic glory, various ancient objects that have been engraved with unique decorations are used to create creations that are meant to be passed down to our children and grandchildren in the land of Banten.

 

Bantenese Batik Distinctiveness

When it comes to accepting responsibility for it, there is no doubt that experiences and Indonesia tours for travel demonstrate that by conducting studies with batik specialists and historical scholars, preparations are made to demonstrate distinctions.

There is no significant difference in the process and procedure for making batik throughout Indonesia to make a unique batik shirt or dress; the only things that distinguish them are:  

  • Design technique: for creating batik motifs and natural and environmental resources.
  • History of regional culture: which serves to support the distinction and causes regional characteristics to emerge, as in the case of Batik Banten.

The Batik motif, the fundamental decorating pattern, is derived from old historical artifacts known as Terwengkal Artifacts, discovered during archaeologists' excavations in Banten, Indonesia, in 1976.

Whatever the color, batik Banten tends to be a soft gray color that reflects Wang Banten's character, with characteristics such as His ideals, ideas, will, and temperament tend to be high. Still, his demeanor is always simple and calm. Or the beautiful color of the batik (statement: Launching Batik Banten description 7 Professor) in the natural reality that supports the Banten area due to the water, so that it becomes the beautiful color of the batik

Philosophical perspectives are provided in the following sections: (meaning) name. The history of Banten is intertwined with the motifs and designs seen in batik. Several elements of the motif's name derive from the "toponym of old towns, the name of the nobility/sultan title, and the geographical nomenclature of the Sultanate of Banten" (Sultanate of Banten).

 

Bantenese Batik Textiles

The National Archaeology has used artifacts from the Banten Sultanate, found during the Banten Sultanate's reign to make 75 ornamental patterns from the Banten Sultanate.

The Banten government has investigated the illumination of decorative design as part of the context of recovering ornamental elements from historic Bantenese dwellings.

It has been since 1976 that the National Archaeology and the Faculty of Literature, Universitas Indonesia, have been reconstructing the findings of archaeological digs to create these ornamental patterns.

Since its patenting in 2003, Bantenese batik has undergone a lengthy and arduous procedure before being acknowledged worldwide. The Bantenese batik was patented after it was proven through research conducted in Malaysia and Singapore, which was subsequently replicated in 62 additional nations. As it turns out, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization was the first group to give Bantenese batik patent rights in the first place.

Batik from Banten has a distinct narrative personality distinct from other batiks. Its themes are drawn from historical relics in several instances. Grayish hues can be seen in almost every pattern representing the Banten people. Every piece of batik is infused with philosophical meaning.

These themes are given their names from the toponyms of historic village names, aristocratic titles, or sultans, as well as the name of Banten's royal court house, among other sources. Even the patterns associated with historical tales that include profound philosophies and motifs, which hold intellectual significance for Bantenese batik materials and apparel users, are identical to historical stories that contain meaningful ideologies.

Bali Batiks Have a Long and Interesting History.

Indonesia was previously referred to as "the Spice Islands" because of the abundance of spices it traded between Europe and Asia. During colonial times, many Europeans traveled to these islands to visit.

The Bantanese Lifestyle

Betawi immigrants speak Indonesian with a Betawi dialect in the northern section of Tangerang, which is also a part of Indonesia. In addition to Sundanese, Javanese, and Betawidialect, the Indonesian language is spoken by people from other parts of Indonesia, as well as native speakers of the language. People from other parts of Indonesia, as well as native speakers of the language, speak the language.

Those who identify as Bantenese are almost always devout Muslims because they are inextricably linked to a solid Islamic cultural history. This case is also directly tied to the history of the Banten Sultanate, which was once one of the significant Islamic kingdoms on the island of Java and is now a province of Indonesia.

In addition, the artwork in the Banten area depicts Islamic activities in its community, such as the art by Rampak Bedug from Pandeglang Regency, which is a work of art. Despite this, Banten Province is a multi-ethnic civilization of people from various ethnic backgrounds and religious beliefs. Many people aren't native to this area, like Benteng Chinese in Tangerang and Baduy Baduy people who follow Sunda Wiwitan in Kanekes, Leuwidamar, and Lebak Regency.

Bantenese men with horses in the Bantam Residency (current-day Banten Province), around 1915–1926. Bantenese men with horses in the Bantam Residency (current-day Banten Province).

Banten's territory of Sunday is home to a wide range of cultures and practices. The most prominent of these are those associated with Banten culture and customs, which are very different from the Sundanese culture in West Java.

A big part of what makes the Bantenese community unique is its cultural diversity, which includes things like:

  • Pencak Silat martial arts and dances like Dzikir Saman and Tari topeng
  • Dog-dog
  • Angklung Gubrag

 

Origins

The Bantenese people, who are closely tied to the Banten Sultanate, have roots that are distinct from those of the Cirebonese people, who are not related to either the Sundanese or the Javanese people and whose origins are unknown (unless they are the result of a mixture of two primary cultures, namely Sundanese and Javanese).

Bantenese and Baduy people (Kanekes) used to identify as Sundanese during the time of the old Banten Sultanate, which was a period in which the Banten Sultanate was in existence (region of Bantam Residency after the abolishment and annexation by the Dutch East Indies). Following the establishment of the Province of Banten, the Bantenese began to define themselves as a distinct group of people with a distinct culture and language from other people.

 

Historic Monuments 

The Great Mosque of Banten and the Sacred Long Mausoleum, both in the city of Banten, are also reminders of the people's history.

The Indonesian stamp honors Sate Bandeng's contributions to the world. Bantenese cuisine consists of dishes such as:

  • Sate Bandeng (a type of noodle dish popular in Banten)
  • Rabeg Banten
  • Pasung Beureum
  • Ketan Bintul
  • Nasi Belut
  • Kue Cucur
  • Angeun Lada
  • Balok Menes
  • Sate Bebek Cibeber
  • Emping Menes