Ake Patra: A Symbol of Divine Enlightenment in Javanese Art

Ake Patra

Motif Name


Founded by Tribe

founded by the Mekongga tribe

Associated Event

No specific association with an event


The seven ladder-pattern refers to the king, while the 5 ladders signify the knight.

Common Origin State(s)

Leading in Southeast Sulawesi Province – Indonesia


Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of enlightenment of God for the King. This motif can be found both in batik and woven textiles.


The Ake Patra motif holds a special place in the realm of Javanese art and culture, embodying profound spiritual significance and a connection to the composition of the universe. Rooted in ancient Javanese traditions, this motif is a symbol of divine enlightenment bestowed upon kings, offering a glimpse into the intricate relationship between spirituality and monarchy. Whether woven into textiles or meticulously painted onto batik fabrics, the Ake Patra motif weaves together a story of transcendence, divine guidance, and regal authority.


  • Divine Connection: At the heart of the Ake Patra motif lies a deep connection to the divine. The term "Ake" is intrinsically related to divinity, representing a spiritual awakening or enlightenment. It signifies the harmonious union between the earthly realm and the sacred, acknowledging the presence of the divine in all aspects of life.

  • Composition of the Universe: Ake Patra is not merely a decorative design; it is a cosmic blueprint. It reflects the Javanese belief that the universe is intricately composed and interconnected, with each element contributing to the grand tapestry of existence. Through this motif, the Javanese people express their reverence for the cosmic order.

  • Enlightenment for the King: One of the most significant aspects of the Ake Patra motif is its association with kings and royalty. It symbolizes the enlightenment of God granted to the king, signifying divine approval and guidance for their reign. In this context, the motif becomes a potent emblem of royal authority and legitimacy.

  • Textile Art: The Ake Patra motif can be found in various forms of Javanese art, particularly in textiles. Batik and woven fabrics often feature intricate renditions of this motif, showcasing the skill and craftsmanship of Javanese artisans. These textiles not only serve as aesthetic expressions but also carry profound spiritual and cultural meaning.

  • Spiritual Symbolism: When individuals wear or display textiles adorned with the Ake Patra motif, they are not merely showcasing a piece of fabric; they are invoking a sense of spirituality and divine connection. It serves as a constant reminder of the presence of the divine in everyday life and the importance of seeking enlightenment.

  • Cultural Heritage: The Ake Patra motif is an integral part of Javanese cultural heritage. It reflects the enduring spiritual and artistic traditions that have been passed down through generations. It is a testament to the cultural richness of Java and its ability to blend the sacred and the artistic seamlessly.

  • Harmony and Balance: Just as the universe is composed of various elements working in harmony, the Ake Patra motif encourages individuals to seek balance and harmony in their lives. It serves as a guiding principle for living in accordance with the cosmic order.


In essence, the Ake Patra motif is a gateway to the spiritual realm and a symbol of divine enlightenment and guidance. It reminds us of the interconnectedness of all things and the presence of the divine in our lives. Whether adorning royal regalia or adorning everyday textiles, this motif is a testament to the enduring spiritual and cultural legacy of Java, inviting us to contemplate the profound mysteries of the universe.

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