Parang Rusak: Unconquerable Spirit and Nobility in Batik

Parang Rusak

Motif Name

Perang Rusak

Founded by Tribe

Jawa tribe

Associated Event

No specific association with an event


The first motif designated as prohibited batik in the Yogyakarta Sultanate was by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I in 1785.

Common Origin State(s)

from Java, especially the Special Region of Yogyakarta and Solo. Indonesia


The Parang Rusak Batik motif is deeply imbued with symbolism, representing an indomitable spirit and noble character, akin to the unyielding waves of the ocean. Its undulating pattern embodies strength, resilience, and an ability to control the relentless temptations of human existence. Historically reserved for royalty, this motif speaks to the highest ideals and virtues.


Key Symbolism of Parang Rusak Batik Motif

Wavy Pattern

The undulating pattern in the Parang Rusak motif is analogous to the rolling waves of the ocean. It symbolizes an unconquerable spirit that perseveres through challenges and remains resilient in the face of adversity.


Ocean's Waves

The comparison to the ocean's waves signifies the unstoppable nature of life's trials and tribulations. It implies that, like the waves that keep coming, challenges in life are constant, and one must possess inner strength to navigate through them.


Noble Character

The motif represents a noble character capable of mastering and controlling the continuous waves of temptation in daily life. It stands as a reminder of the importance of self-discipline and fortitude.



Historically reserved for royalty, the Parang Rusak motif reflects a higher echelon of character and virtue. It signifies the qualities expected of individuals in positions of power and prestige.


Cultural Significance and Artistic Expression

The Parang Rusak Batik motif is a powerful artistic expression deeply rooted in Javanese culture. It signifies not only resilience but also the embodiment of noble traits, reinforcing the importance of character and moral standing.


Usage and Application

Traditionally reserved for royals, the Parang Rusak motif is employed in formal wear for special occasions. However, its symbolism has transcended its origins, and it is now utilized in various art forms, clothing, and accessories, allowing a broader audience to embrace its symbolism.


Preservation and Promotion

To preserve and promote the Parang Rusak motif, it should be showcased in cultural events, educational programs, and fashion shows. Collaborations with designers and artists can modernize its application while preserving its traditional essence.



The Parang Rusak Batik motif, with its wavy pattern and profound symbolism, embodies the ideals of an indomitable spirit and noble character. It stands as a reminder of resilience and self-control, historically reserved for royalty and now embraced as a symbol of virtue and strength.

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