Kawung Mataram: Symbol of Core Powers and Leadership

Kawung Mataram

Motif Name

Kawung Mataram

Founded by Tribe

does not characterize one of the tribes

Associated Event

No specific association with an event


This motif contains deep philosophical values: it symbolizes the manifestation of the Four Main Forces in the universe (wind, water, fire and earth). It is also a subtle reminder that a leader must master four communication skills: the ability to communicate with God, communicate internally with oneself, communicate with fellow humans, and communicate with nature.

Common Origin State(s)

Special Region of Yogyakarta – Indonesia


The Kawung Mataram motif is deeply steeped in historical and philosophical significance, originating from the Mataram Kingdom during the reign of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645). This motif holds profound meaning, symbolizing the Four Core Powers of the universe and serving as a reminder of essential communication abilities for a leader.


Symbolism of Kawung Mataram Batik Motif

Representation of Core Powers

The pattern within the Kawung motif symbolizes the manifestation of the Four Core Powers of the universe—wind, water, fire, and earth. It reflects the fundamental forces that shape the world and all life within it.


Communication Abilities for a Leader

  • Communication with God: The motif signifies the leader's ability to communicate with the divine or higher power, seeking guidance and wisdom.
  • Inner Communication with Oneself: It represents the necessity for a leader to have a deep understanding of oneself, enabling self-reflection and growth.
  • Communication with Fellow Humans: The motif signifies the importance of effective communication and understanding among fellow humans, promoting harmony and collaboration.
  • Communication with Nature: It serves as a reminder for a leader to communicate with and respect nature, acknowledging the interdependence between humanity and the natural world.


Cultural Significance and Artistic Expression

The Kawung Mataram motif is a blend of historical, philosophical, and artistic expressions. It encapsulates the rich cultural heritage of the Mataram Kingdom and its royal ceremonies.


Usage and Application

Kawung Mataram is widely used in batik art, clothing, accessories, and decorative items. Its profound symbolism makes it a popular choice for various occasions, especially those related to leadership and spirituality.


Preservation and Promotion

Preserving the Kawung Mataram motif is vital to honor its historical and philosophical roots. It's important to promote its symbolic significance and the wisdom it imparts to future generations of leaders.



The Kawung Mataram motif is a significant representation of the Four Core Powers of the universe and essential communication abilities for a leader. Rooted in the historical Mataram Kingdom, it holds a timeless significance and remains a powerful symbol of leadership and spiritual connectedness. As this remarkable motif continues to be celebrated and preserved, it remains a beacon of enduring cultural values and guidance for effective leadership.

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