Palembangese Batik Costume

Palembangese Batik

Introduce Palembangese Costume

Palembang is a city on the Indonesian island of Sumatra situated on the Musi River's banks. The Palembangese constitute about half of the city's total population of 1.2 million people. The Palembangese are split into two groups: the Wong Jeroo and the Wong Jabo. The Wong Jeroo are a subset of the Wong Jabo, who are a subset of the Wong Jabo. The Wong Jeroo are descended from royalty and minor heroes of the ancient kingdoms based in Palembang at their origin. The Wong Jabo are the people who live on the margins.

The government employs a large number of Palembangese. Another group of individuals is engaged as small company owners, market traders, industrial workers, fishermen, and in education and craftsmanship.

Palembang is a thriving industrial and communications hub in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta. Its riches are derived from its massive oil reserves derived from crude oil and refined petroleum products. A TV station, a sports stadium, a clock tower, and beautiful columns for the main mosque have all been built with money from the Indonesian government's oil business. The oil company funded all of these projects.

Houses in the limas (pyramid) style are the most distinguishing features of Palembangese architectural design. It begins with a steep pitch and then softly drops down over a spacious, open front area. Many Limas-style houses and other designs are built on stilts to protect their occupants from the regular floods that occur in the area. Many Palembangese continue to live on the banks of the Musi River, as they have done for hundreds of years.

Families in Palembange are patriarchal. Women must preserve order and harmony in the house so that their husbands and family members may confidently proclaim, "My home is my heavenly paradise." Families highly desire male offspring to save the family's happiness. Having a grandson is very important to both grandparents on both sides of the family.


Palembangese Batik

While Palembangese Batik may be considered both an art and a craft, it is becoming increasingly popular and well-known among Asian nations and even worldwide as a marvelously creative medium that can be used in various ways. Decorating fabric with wax and dye to make unique batik costume has been done for hundreds of years in various countries, including:

  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South America
  • Eand Europe. 

It has been passed down through the generations.

On the Indonesian island of Java, Batik is an old technique that is still practiced today, producing some of the world's best batik cloth. The name "batik" comes from the Javanese word "tik," which translates as "dot." In Indonesian, Batik is both a verb (to batik) and a noun (a batik, an object formed by batiking!). Batik is often created on a fabric surface (such as cotton, silk, linen, rayon, or hemp), but the batik methods may also be applied to other surfaces, such as paper, wood, leather, and even porcelain. Until now, Palembangese Batik has become the cultural heritage of Indonesia.

There are several steps to create a batik cloth:

  1. Selected regions of the pattern are blocked out by spreading hot wax over them.
  2. A dye is placed on top of the waxed areas, and the parts of the design that were covered in wax resist the dye and retain their original color. Although a simple batik is only one layer of wax and one shade, the waxing and dying process may be repeated numerous times to produce more complicated and colorful designs. 
  3. Following the final color, the wax is removed with hot water, and the fabric is ready to make a vibrant batik shirt or dress.

However, while contemporary Palembangese Batik is influenced by reference Indonesian batik and draws inspiration from the past, it differs significantly from the past's more conventional and formal designs. To apply the wax and dyes, the artist can employ a broad range of:

  • Techniques, including spraying, etching, discharging, cracking, and marbling.
  • Instruments, including copper and wooden stamps, brushes, and stencils.
  • Wax formulas with varying resist qualities, such as soy wax, beeswax, and paraffin wax.
  • Natural and synthetic colors on various surfaces.

Batik is historically the most expressive and delicate of all the resist methods. As the number of techniques available to artists continues to grow, they can experiment with each process in a versatile and fascinating way. The process of batik brings in unexpected elements of surprise and joy, which is why so many artists find it so exciting and even addictive to work with it and make a beautiful batik outfit.


The Meaning of Palembangese Batik

Batik Palembang was founded with a goal in mind that is in accordance with Islamic Sharia law. Palembang Batik does not employ images of wildlife or humans as decorations on its products. Most Batik Palembang themes are floral motifs with beautiful and complex colors and are magical with symmetrical lines and varied plant symbols, except for specific geometric designs.

Jumputan organdy cotton cloth is used to create the Batik Palembang design. It is decorated with vibrant red, yellow, and green hues. Generally, batik Palembang makes clothes, like shirts and dresses. It can also make souvenirs from Palembang, like traditional fabric and shirts.

Batik Palembang is a batik produced entirely by the writing method and only has a floral pattern as a decorative element. What distinguishes Batik Palembang from other Batik is that it uses vibrant hues to grab attention, such as red, yellow, green, and so on.

People may discover Batik Palembang at various businesses along Aiptu Wahab Street, which has many apparel stores along it. Also, at Pasar 16 Ilir, they will be able to find Batik Palembang, which is already well-known.

Palembang is the capital city of the Indonesian province of South Sumatra and the largest city. At 400.61 square kilometers, the city proper is spread along the eastern plain of southern Sumatra's Musi River on both river banks. At the time of the 2020 Census, the population was 1,668,848 people. Palembang is the second most populated city in Sumatra after Medan, the capital. It is also the ninth most populated city in Indonesia, after Jakarta, the most populated city.

Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Southeast Asia, dating back to the 12th century. Heavily influenced by Buddhism, it served as the capital of Srivijaya, which governed most of the western Indonesian archipelago and controlled several maritime trade routes, notably the Strait of Malacca. In the year 671, Yijing, a Chinese monk who lived in Srivijaya for six months in the year 671, wrote about his experience.


Palembangese Language and Ethnicity

Palembang is a city with a diversified ethnic population. The indigenous population of Palembang is primarily composed of Malay people who have been greatly impacted by Javanese culture. However, a recent exodus of Malay from traditional communities along the Musi River's bank has resulted in an increase in Malay populations in the suburbs. Palembang is also home to many people of different ethnicities from various regions of South Sumatra and beyond.

Palembang is also home to considerable Arab, Indian, and Chinese communities and several other ethnic groups. In Indonesia, Arab Indonesian populations are concentrated in some villages, including Kampong Al Munawwar in 13 Ulu, Kampong Assegaf in 16 Ulu, Kampong Al Habsyi in Kuto Batu, Kampong Jamalullail in 19 Ilir, and Kampong Alawiyyin in Sungai Bayas, 10 Ilir, as well as other locations.

On the other hand, Chinese And Indonesian populations are primarily concentrated in Palembang's commercial districts. However, a few traditional Chinese villages, such as Kampong Kapitan in 7 Ulu, are worth visiting. In addition, there is an Indian in 18 Ilir.

Musi (Baso Plembang), the local language of Palembang, is considered a Malay dialect with many Javanese loanwords. Musi (Baso Plembang) is a dialect of Malay. It has also become one of the most frequently used languages in Palembang community for individuals who have lived in the city for a long time, whether initially from the city or have relocated here.

The locals from other regions of South Sumatra have their regional dialects, such as Komering, Besemah, Rawas, and Semendo, which are all spoken by the same people. The Chinese language is also widely spoken by Chinese populations in the United States.


Palembangese Religion

Islam is the most common religion in Palembang, one of six officially recognized by the city. Statistics from Badan Pusat Statistik Palembang (according to the most recent available data from 2017) show that the population of Palembang is comprised of the following:

  • 92.22% Muslims
  • 3.91% Buddhist
  • 2.23% Protestant
  • 1.49% Roman Catholic
  • 0.13% Hindu
  • 0.02% Confucianists

The Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam is the predominant school of thought among Muslims in Palembang. There are a lot of mosques in Palembang that have a lot of history and culture behind them. The most famous is the Great Mosque of Palembang, built during the Palembang Sultanate era and known as the city's main mosque.

Indonesia is a Southeast Asian archipelago of more than 13,000 islands that stretches 3,000 miles along the equator and is the world's largest island nation. Indonesia, which has more Muslims than any other country in the world and the fourth most enormous population, has one of the world's most ethnically diverse populations, ranking it among the top five most ethnically diverse countries. There are 600 unique ethnic groups represented in Palembang, with the Palembangese people group being one of them. They are descended from the first population of Palembang.

Palembangese people are believed to be descendants of Javanese and Chinese kingdom bureaucrats. However, the Chinese origins of the people have yet to be generally acknowledged. Several recognized experts on the Palembangese, including one descended from monarchs, have asserted that their people are the consequence of a "melting pot" effect that happened along the banks of the Musi River many years ago.

Over the years, Arabs, Asian Indians, Chinese, Javanese, and other Indonesian ethnic groups formed a single ethnic group known as the Palembangese, which means "people of the Pale."


Palembangese Food

Fans of fish will undoubtedly go into a feeding frenzy once they set foot in Palembang, a city known for its traditional seafood dishes. This provincial capital of South Sumatra has a long-standing reputation as the most incredible "pempek" (savory fish cakes eaten with a sour and spicy watery dipping sauce called "cuko") hub in Indonesia, thanks to its long-standing reputation as the best "pempek" hub in the world.

Other less well-known but equally tasty meals, such as fish cake soup with vermicelli (tekwan) and noodles with a shrimp-based sauce (mie cele), are overshadowed by the dish's reputation. Fortunately, you can savor these delicious specialties in various eateries across Palembang.

If you don't have the luxury of time (or money) to travel to Palembang, don't worry; several eateries in Jakarta provide traditional Palembang food instead. So, whether you're organizing a feast in Jakarta or Palembang, here are five Palembang delicacies you really must eat, aside from pempek, and where you can find them in both cities.


Palembangese Mie Celor

Mie Celor is best described as a combination of sweet, salty, and savory flavors. Shrimp and coconut milk gravy coat the noodles served in a pool of creamy sauce. There are times when the gravy is yellow, and other times when it is orange-it all depends on where you get your mie cei, since each establishment has its unique combination of spices that adds to the color variation. Slices of a hard-boiled egg and a handful of poached bean sprouts are sprinkled on the noodles as a garnish for presentation.


Palembangese Tekwan

You should feel better after a warm bowl of "tekwan" (fish cakes formed into bite-sized balls, a handful of vermicelli, wood ear mushrooms, and sliced jicama), which is a soup made from fish cakes, vermicelli, wood ear mushrooms, and jicama). The soup is cooked with shrimp stock, which imparts a fragrant smell to the finished meal. The pleasant scent transports you back to your grandmother's house, where you may indulge in a home-cooked dinner prepared by your grandma. Tekwan has a mild flavor and is a good choice for a snack between meals. You may add some hot and spicy "sambal" (chili relish) to make it even hotter and spicier. Aside from that, most pempek businesses have tekwan on their menu, so you know where to go if you want to indulge.


Palembangese Curry Martabak

Palembang has its version of "martabak telur," an Indonesian salty fried pancake with eggs and beef filling, although it is slightly different. "Martabak Kari Palembang" is a fried pancake loaded with eggs, but there is no beef, making it a vegetarian dish. It is bright yellow and has been sliced into large squares. To go with the martabak, a bowl of thick curry made with meat and potatoes that have been coarsely diced is served.

A second bowl of light soy sauce combined with thin slices of green chilies is also offered to serve alongside the main dish to enhance the curry flavor. Martabak HAR is a well-known restaurant in the area that is known for serving the best martabak kari in the area. HAR is an abbreviation for the owner's name, Haji Abdoel Razak. Martabak HAR has a large number of branches in both Palembang and Jakarta, as well as other cities in Indonesia.

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