Salakanagara Batik Motif: A Glimpse into Ancient Betawi Heritage


Motif Name


Founded by Tribe

does not characterize one of the tribes

Associated Event

No specific association with an event


“Salakanegara” means “Salak Country”, which is the name of the area around Mount Salak which is considered sacred.

Common Origin State(s)

DKI Jakarta Province, Indonesia


The "Salakanagara" batik motif pays homage to the rich historical legacy of the Betawi region, specifically recalling the establishment of the ancient kingdom of Salakanagara. It is a symbol of the cultural and geographical roots of the area.


Key Aspects of Salakanagara Batik Motif

Representation of the Salakanagara Kingdom

The motif is a visual representation of the first kingdom in the Betawi area, founded by Aki Tirem around 130 AD, showcasing its historical significance.


Mount Salak and Its Symbolism

Mount Salak, depicted in the motif, is not only a geographical landmark but also holds cultural and spiritual significance. The mountain is named after the "salak" fruit, known for its scaly skin.


Cultural and Geographical Connection

The Salakanagara batik motif embodies the deep connection between culture and geography, portraying the sacredness and historical importance of the region around Mount Salak.


Cultural Significance and Artistic Expression

The Salakanagara batik motif serves as a cultural emblem, reflecting the ancient kingdom's influence on the Betawi community. It also embodies the aesthetics and artistic skills of the Betawi people.


Usage and Application

This motif is used in various applications, including traditional attire, home decor, and accessories, allowing individuals to showcase their pride in the historical and cultural heritage of the Betawi region.


Preservation and Promotion

Educating the younger generation about the history and significance of the Salakanagara motif is crucial for its preservation. Collaborations with cultural institutions and events can further promote the motif, ensuring its longevity and relevance.



The Salakanagara batik motif is a visual tribute to the ancient kingdom of Salakanagara, showcasing the cultural and geographical roots of the Betawi people. It stands as a reminder of the rich history and heritage that shaped the region, emphasizing the importance of preserving and celebrating their unique legacy.

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