Tenun Bima: Unveiling the Islamic Influences and Unique Aesthetics in Mbojo Woven Fabrics

Tenun Bima

Motif Name

Tenun Bima

Founded by Tribe

does not characterize one of the tribes

Associated Event

No specific association with an event


Another unique thing about this batik is the choice of colors and triangular geometric lines. Color combinations have at least 3 colors with a black or white base.

Common Origin State(s)

West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia



Tenun Bima, also known as Mbojo woven fabrics, is a traditional Indonesian textile that boasts a distinctive design influenced by Islam. The motifs within this woven fabric are heavily characterized by geometric lines and zigzags, showcasing the profound influence of Islamic art. Additionally, the color palette is a key element, typically featuring a combination of at least three colors with black as the base. In this article, we will explore the origins, design elements, and cultural significance of Tenun Bima, shedding light on its unique aesthetics and Islamic influence.


Origins and Cultural Heritage

Tenun Bima, originating from the Bima Regency in Indonesia, holds a deep-rooted cultural heritage. The art of weaving has been an integral part of the lives of the Mbojo people for generations, and Tenun Bima stands as a testament to their craftsmanship and artistic creativity. It has not only preserved their cultural identity but also gained recognition on the global stage.


Design Elements and Islamic Influences

The motifs in Tenun Bima are distinctively influenced by Islamic art, characterized by geometric lines, zigzags, and intricate patterns. These designs reflect the Islamic principle of aniconism, which avoids the depiction of living beings and instead emphasizes geometric shapes and abstract forms. This influence stems from the historical and cultural integration of Islam in the region, shaping the visual language of the textiles.

Geometric patterns in Tenun Bima are often symbolic. For example, a repetitive square pattern could symbolize stability and order, reflecting the order found in Islamic design and beliefs. The use of zigzags may represent the continuous journey of spiritual growth and development.


Color Palette and Symbolism

The color selection in Tenun Bima is a vital aspect of its aesthetic appeal. Typically, the fabric incorporates at least three colors, with black being the dominant or base color. Black holds significance in Islamic culture, representing strength, elegance, and the oneness of God.

Other colors used often include vibrant hues like red, blue, green, and yellow, which complement the black base. Each color carries its own symbolic meaning. For instance, red may symbolize courage and strength, while blue could represent peace and tranquility.


Cultural Significance and Preservation

Tenun Bima is not only a form of art and cultural expression but also a source of livelihood for the Mbojo people. The preservation and promotion of this unique woven fabric are essential to maintaining their cultural heritage and sustaining traditional craftsmanship.



In conclusion, Tenun Bima, or Mbojo woven fabrics, exemplify the artistic fusion of Islamic influence and cultural heritage. The geometric motifs and carefully selected color palette highlight the aesthetic beauty and symbolic meanings deeply rooted in the Mbojo culture. Through the promotion and appreciation of Tenun Bima, we honor the legacy of its creators and ensure the preservation of this timeless art form.

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